Who? What? Where? King Solomon, Gog, Magog, and The 2012 Apocalypse

Who? What? Where? King Solomon, Gog, Magog, and The 2012 ApocalypseSolomon’s Temple also known as the First Temple, was, according to the Bible, the first temple of the ancient religion of the biblical Israelites in Jerusalem. Lack of archaeological evidence for such a temple or a Jerusalem large enough to support it has caused some modern scholars to doubt its existence.

Completed in the 10th century BCE, it was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The reconstructed temple in Jerusalem, which stood between 516 BCE and 70 CE, was the Second Temple. The Third Temple, if built, would signal to many the precursor to the apocalypse 2012.

Jerusalem became the political and spiritual center of the ancient Hebrews. King David was instructed by God not to build the Temple, leaving the task to his son Solomon.

These sacred vessels were, at the end of the Babylonian Captivity, restored to the Jews by Cyrus in 538 BCE (Ezra 1:7-11).

The Temple is believed to have been situated upon the hill which forms the site of the present-day Temple Mount, in the center of which area is the Dome of the Rock.

There are two sources of archaeological artifacts claimed by some relevant to Solomon’s temple. The first come from remains taken from refuse from an extensive construction project performed on the Temple Mount by the Islamic waqf in November of 1999.

It is not, however, clear whether these remains contain evidence of a Temple structure from this period. The second, which also does not confirm the existence of the temple, was discovered in the summer of 2007, as archeologists overseeing construction at the site reported “evidence of human activity” most likely belonging to the first temple period. In January 2008 Israeli archaeologist Eilat Mazar publicized the Shelomit seal; however, no evidence has yet been presented that would link the seal’s “Shelomit” with the biblical “Shelomit.”

The rock in the center of the dome is believed by Muslims to be the spot from which Prophet Muhammad ascended to God in heaven, accompanied by the angel Gabriel.

The Dome of the Rock is a notable Islamic mosque in what Muslims call the al-Aqsa Mosque Noble Sanctuary — which Jews and Christians call the Temple Mount — it remains one of the best known landmarks of Jerusalem. al-Malik. For centuries, European travelers have called it the Mosque of Umar.

In Judaism the stone is the site where Abraham fulfilled God’s test to see if he would be willing to sacrifice his son Isaac. The Knights Templar, who believed the Dome of the Rock to be near the

ruins of the Temple of Solomon, made their headquarters in the Al-Aqsa Mosque adjacent to the Dome for much of the 12th century.

Which would spark an apocalyptic war. Groups such as the Temple Mount and Eretz Yisrael Faithful Movement wish to relocate the Dome to Mecca and replace it with a Third Temple. The Temple Mount and Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel) Faithful Movement is an Orthodox Jewish movement based in Israel that wishes to establish a Third Jewish Temple in Jerusalem and re-institute the practice of ritual sacrifice. It was founded by former Israel Defence Forces officer and Middle Eastern Studies lecturer Gershon Salomon.

Members of the movement are referred to as the “Temple Mount Faithful” The Temple Mount Faithful propose the Mosque on this site be moved to the Muslim holy city of Mecca to facilitate the construction of a new Temple. The movement has been forbidden to ascend on the Temple Mount on a number of occasions out of fear they would spark war with the Muslims.

If concrete evidence is found that the Temple does exist under the Dome of The Rock, this would undoubtly spark apocalytic size fighting between Muslims and Jews as the Orthodox proceed to fulfill prophecy and rebuild the Third Temple and the Muslims protect ther sacred site to the death.

2012 Apocalypse

Continue reading

Apocalypse 2012

Apocalypse 2012

Abandon all your possessions and run for the hills: It has been foretold that the world is coming to an end sooner than you think, in the year 2012 the apocalypse! . Asteroid 433 Eros is going to pass within 17 million miles of the Earth in January; the United States will hand over control of the Korean military back to the Koreans in April; there will be an annular solar eclipse in May and a solar transit of Venus in June; the Summer Olympics will take place in London; the Earth’s population will officially pass 7 billion people in October; the United States will elect a new President in November; construction of the new Freedom Tower will be complete in New York City; the sun will flip its magnetic poles as it does at the end of every 11-year sunspot cycle; and, as I’m sure you’ve heard by now, the Mayan calendar completes its 5,125 year cycle, presumably portending the End of Days.

Mayans had three calendars. They had a solar calendar that was 365 days long, and a ceremonial calendar that was 260 days long. These two calendars would synchronize every 52 years. To measure longer time periods, they developed the “long count” calendar, which expressed dates as a series of five numbers, each less than twenty; something like the way we measure minutes and seconds as a series of two numbers each less than sixty. too simple, for some reason the second to last number was always less than eighteen. The first day in the Mayan long count calendar was expressed as, and by our calendar, this was August 11, 3114 BC. Every 144,000 days (or about every 395 years, which they called a baktun), the first number would increment, and a new baktun would start. Recall how we all got to enjoy the excitement on the millennium of watching the digital displays roll over from 12/31/1999 to 1/1/2000? Well, that’s what’s going to happen on December 21, 2012 to the Mayan calendar. There’s no archaeological or historical evidence that the Mayans themselves expected anything other than a New Year’s Eve party to happen on this date: Claims that this rollover represents a Mayan prediction of the end of the world appear to be a modern pop-culture invention. It’s true that the Mayan carvings of their calendar only depicted 13 baktuns, but what did you expect them to do? Carve an infinitely long calendar every time they wanted to express a date?

Apparently what happened is that the Planet X advocates, perhaps embarrassed or disappointed that 2003 passed without incident, heard about the much more popular Mayan calendar story, and decided that 2012 apocalypse is close enough to 2003 that it must be the correct date and that the Planet X destruction is probably what the Mayans were foretelling. The Planet X legend got started by misinterpretations of astronomical observations combined with an ancient Sumerian carving that has been erroneously interpreted to depict a solar system with ten planets. Why the craftsmen who made carvings in ancient Sumeria should be presumed to have planetary knowledge superior to that of modern astronomy is not convincingly argued. If you’re interested in all of the actual science behind the Planet X story, there’s no better source than Phil Plait’s “Bad Astronomy” blog, which goes into all the facts, rumors, and sources in detail.

Here’s one more reason people are frightened about 2012 apocalpse. About 500 years ago, Copernicus confirmed what Hipparchus had observed in 2200 BC: that the axis of the Earth, which leans over at 23.5°, completes one full rotation every 25,765 years. This means that in 12,000 years, Christmas will come to Australia in winter and the northern hemisphere will depict Santa in Bermuda shorts. Astrologers call this period a Great Year, and they divide it into 12 Great Months or astrological “ages”, each about 2,147 years long. Each age corresponds to one of the signs of the zodiac. We are currently in the Age of Pisces, and like the song says, we’re soon going to enter the Age of Aquarius. According to modern official delineations of the edges of the constellations, we’ll move into the new age in the year 2600. But there’s some disagreement, and some astrologers place it at 2595, 2654, or 2638. all the various 2012-ish predictions for the end of the world, there are far more stories of apocalypse with different dates. For example, popular interpretations of Nostradamus found predictions for the end of the world in July of 1999, December of 1999, June of 2002, and

October of 2005. Nostradamus never said anything about 2012.

Many Protestant Christians believe that the end of the world will come in the form of what they call the Rapture, when the righteous will all be whisked away to heaven. The Jehovah’s Witnesses made firm predictions for 1918, 1925, 1941, 1975, 1984, and 1994. A

book was published in 1988 called 88 Reasons the Rapture is in 1988.

A number of Bible scholars found firm scriptural evidence that the Rapture would happen in October of 2005. Thousands of Koreans gave away all their money and possessions in preparation for the Rapture on October 28, 1992. Even Sir Isaac Newton made a calculation based on scripture that showed the Rapture could not happen before 2060. I couldn’t find 2012 mentioned in any of these stories.

In fact, James Randi’s magnum opus publication An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural lists 44 distinct end of the world predictions that all came and went unfulfilled. Why should we think that the 2012 apocalypselegends are any different? Any examination of the science behind any of the stories, even a glib examination, reveals a complete absence of plausible foundation. Only the Planet X story, which is the most easily falsified as it depends on concrete astronomical observations that are demonstrably false, offers a proposed mechanism for exactly how this “end of the world” is to be accomplished, the alleged

gravitational destruction. Neither the Mayan calendar people, nor the Age of Aquarius people, have offered any claims for how or why the world will end, only that their particular legend points to a rollover in some ancient calendar. My calendar rolls over every time the ball drops in New York, and I’ve yet to see this cause any planetary cataclysm, except for the guy who has to mop out the drunk tank at the NYPD.

Many people tend to place more trust in ancient neolithic traditions than in the observations of modern science. There’s nothing wrong with studying and respecting our predecessors’ history for what it was, but when you turn things over and start believing that scientific knowledge of the natural world has only decreased over time, you’re not doing anyone any favors.


Continue reading